Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 1-8) | Blushing Geek

Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 9 and 10)

Happy Monday everyone! It’s time for another Japanese Self-Studying updates *wink. For this week, I’ve got to learn about the MASU form and other particles which I am really excited to share with you below.

Once again, let me remind you that I am not attempting for a tutorial but just sharing what I’ve learn from Misa-sensei’s Grammar Lessons for Absolute Beginners in Youtube.


MASU form

  • used for formal speech


How to make MASU form (for iru/eru ending)

  • get rid of RU and put MASU
  • Example: taberu (to eat) => tabeMASU


Another Examples:

  • I eat sushi
    => sushi wo taberu (informal)
    => sushi wo tabeMASU (formal)
  • I eat breakfast everyday
    => mainichi asagohan wo taberu (informal)
    => mainichi asagohan wo tabeMASU (formal)


miru (to watch, to see) => miMASU


  • I watch TV every night
    => maiban terebi wo miru (informal)
    => maiban terebi wo miMASU (formal)


Time in Japanese (time + ji)

ji – is a suffix used for o’clock.

  • form: time + ji
  • Examples: 1 o’clock => ichi ji, 2 o’clock => ni ji, 3 o’clock => san ji
  • Irregulars: 4 o’clock => yo ji, 7 o’clock => shichi ji, 9 o’clock => ku ji


Particle NI – time marker

  • Example: at 11o’clock => juichi ni ji



neru (to sleep) => neMASU


  • I go to sleep at 11
    => juichi ji ni neru (informal)
    => juichi ji ni neMASU (formal)


okiru (to wake up) => okiMASU


  • I wake up at 7
    => shichi ji ni okiru (informal)
    => shichi ji ni okiMASU (formal)


How to make MASU form (for other words – u verbs)

  • change the U into I and put MASU
  • Example: kiku (to write, to draw) => kikIMASU


hanasu (to speak, to talk) => hanaSHIMASU


  • I speak English
    => Eigo wo hanasu (informal)
    => Eigo wo hanaSHIMASU (formal)


toru (to take, to grab) => torIMASU


  • I take a picture sometimes
    => tokidoki shashin wo toru (informal)
    => tokidoki shashin wo torIMASU (formal)


How to make MASU form (for irregular verbs)

suru (to do) => shimasu


  • to study
    => benkyo suru (informal)
    => benkyo shimasu (formal)
  • to play tennis
    => tenisu wo suru (informal)
    => tenisu wo shimasu (formal)
  • to cook
    => ryouri wo suru (informal)
    => ryouri wo shimasu (formal)
  • I like cooking
    => ryouri wo suru no ga suki desu
    *the “masu formed” verbs can only be placed at the end of the sentence, if it’s in the middle, use the dictionary/informal terms, eg. suru


*Japanese “R” sound is somewhere between “D”, “R” and “L”


kuru (to come) => kimasu


  • I’ll come tomorrow
    => ashita kuru (informal)
    => ashita kimasu (formal)


New vocabularies learned from this lesson:

  • everyday => mainichi
  • every night => maiban
  • o’clock => ji (suffix)
  • time marker => ni (particle)
  • sometimes => tokidoki (onomatopoeia => heartbeat)
  • food, cuisine => ryouri


LESSON 10: Particles

wa (は) – topic marker

  • Example: My dog is small
    => watashi no inu wa chiisai desu


ga (か) – subject marker

  • putting emphasis on the word before ga
  • Example: I’m Misa
    => watashi ga Misa desu
    (I am the one) who is Misa


wo (を) – object marker

  • Example: I read a book
    => hon wo yomimasu


ni (に) – time marker

  • Examples: I wake up at 7
    => shichi ji ni okimasu
  • also used for days


Days in Japanese (with suffix yobi)

yobi – suffix added to days


  • Monday => getsuyobi
  • Tuesday => kayobi
  • Wednesday => suiyobi
  • Thursday => mokuyobi
  • Friday => kinyobi
  • Saturday => doyobi
  • Sunday => nichiyobi


  • Example: on Monday
    => getsuyobi ni



Another Examples:

  • I study Japanese on weekends
    => shumatsu ni nohongo wo benkyo shimasu

shumatsu wa nihongo wo benkyo shimasu
(on weekends, I study Japanese / as for weekends, I study Japanese)

  • On January
    =>ichigatsu ni


  • NI could also used for to (direction)


kan – a suffix added to place where we watch or see something

  • Example: cinema => eigakan



  • I’ll go to the cinema
    => eigakan ni ikimasu
  • On Monday, I’ll go to the cinema
    => getsuyobi ni eigakan ni ikimasu

  • The cats come to the house everyday
    => neku wa mainichi uchi ni kimasu


kaeru – to go home, return

  • an exception
  • masu form:kaerimasu
  • Example: I’ll go home
    => uchi ni kaerimasu

  • Another example: This year, I’ll go back to Japan
    => kotoshi nihon ni kaerimasu



de (で) – used to indicate the place at which an action or event takes place

  • in or at <location>


  • In a cinema
    => Eigakan de
  • I’ll see a movie in a cinema
    => Eigakan de iega wo mimasu


For Japanese restaurant, it’s ok to use nihon no resutoran but it can also mean like, restaurants in Japan. Instead, we use nihon riyouri (Japanese food/cuisine) or washoku (Japanese food) which is more common.

Japanese restaurant

=> nihon riyouri no resutoran

=> washoku resutoran


Other examples:

  • I’ll eat dinner at a Japanese restaurant
    => nihon riyouri no resutoran de bangohan wo tabemasu
  • I’ll buy a bento in a convenience store
    => konbini de obento wo kaimasu

  • I’ll watch TV at home
    => uchi de terebi wo mimasu



  • de particle could also be used as by using (something)


  • I draw a picture with a pen (by using a pen)
    => pen de e wo kakimasu
  • I eat sushi with chopsticks (by using chopsticks)
    => hashi de sushi wa tabemasu
  • I talk on skype (by using skype)
    => Sukaipu de hanashimasu
  • I take pictures with this camera
    => kono kamera de shahin wo torimasu


to (と) – accompaniment

  • used with somebody or someone


  • I’ll handout with my friends on Sunday
    => nichiyobi ni tomodachi to asobimasu


The difference between ni () and de ()


  • To sleep in the bed
    => beddo ni neru
  • To sleep in a bed
    => beddo de neru


New vocabularies learned from this lesson:

  • small => chiisai
  • suffix added for days => yobi
  • Monday => getsuyobi
  • Tuesday => kayobi
  • Wednesday => suiyobi
  • Thursday => mokuyobi
  • Friday => kinyobi
  • Saturday => doyobi
  • Sunday => nichiyobi
  • weekends => shumatsu
  • a suffix added to place where we watch or see something => kan
  • cinema => eiga-kan
  • art museum => bijutsu-kan
  • library => tosho-kan
  • house, home => ie
  • to go home, return => kaeru
  • this year => kotoshi
  • Japanese food => washoku
  • convenience store => konbini
  • chopsticks => hashi
  • bridge => hashi (different intonation with chopsticks => hashi)
  • skype = > sukaipu
  • friend => tomodachi
  • to play, handout => asobu
  • particle for used to indicate the place at which an action or event takes place => de
  • particle for accompaniment => to
  • grandma => obaachan

I’ve heard that there are a lot of other uses for each particles which I hope Misa-sensei will be tackling more in the future lessons. So for this week, I have two lessons to study and to get familiarize with until the next lessons. I can’t wait to learn more!

For the previous lessons, you can refer to my previous updates for lessons 1-8. If you want to study Japanese language as well, I am highly recommending Misa-sensei’s youtube tutorial for Japanese Grammar Lessons for Absolute Beginners. Jaa mata ne!

Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 9-10) | Blushing Geek

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I am just a simple girl who loves to combine my two favorite things in the world - books and travel. I enjoy discovering new places, either real or fantasy, and share them through my blog. Other than that, I'm a Filipina, photo junkie, Otaku, 100% geek, a lover of all things cute, movie/tv buff, in my 20s and a proud book hoarder.