Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 1-8) | Blushing Geek

Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 9 and 10)

Happy Monday everyone! It’s time for another Japanese Self-Studying updates *wink. For this week, I’ve got to learn about the MASU form and other particles which I am really excited to share with you below.

Once again, let me remind you that I am not attempting for a tutorial but just sharing what I’ve learn from Misa-sensei’s Grammar Lessons for Absolute Beginners in Youtube.

LESSON 9: MASU Form

MASU form

  • used for formal speech

 

How to make MASU form (for iru/eru ending)

  • get rid of RU and put MASU
  • Example: taberu (to eat) => tabeMASU

 

Another Examples:

  • I eat sushi
    => sushi wo taberu (informal)
    => sushi wo tabeMASU (formal)
  • I eat breakfast everyday
    => mainichi asagohan wo taberu (informal)
    => mainichi asagohan wo tabeMASU (formal)

 

miru (to watch, to see) => miMASU

Example:

  • I watch TV every night
    => maiban terebi wo miru (informal)
    => maiban terebi wo miMASU (formal)

***

Time in Japanese (time + ji)

ji – is a suffix used for o’clock.

  • form: time + ji
  • Examples: 1 o’clock => ichi ji, 2 o’clock => ni ji, 3 o’clock => san ji
  • Irregulars: 4 o’clock => yo ji, 7 o’clock => shichi ji, 9 o’clock => ku ji

 

Particle NI – time marker

  • Example: at 11o’clock => juichi ni ji

***

 

neru (to sleep) => neMASU

Example:

  • I go to sleep at 11
    => juichi ji ni neru (informal)
    => juichi ji ni neMASU (formal)

 

okiru (to wake up) => okiMASU

Example:

  • I wake up at 7
    => shichi ji ni okiru (informal)
    => shichi ji ni okiMASU (formal)

 

How to make MASU form (for other words – u verbs)

  • change the U into I and put MASU
  • Example: kiku (to write, to draw) => kikIMASU

 

hanasu (to speak, to talk) => hanaSHIMASU

Example:

  • I speak English
    => Eigo wo hanasu (informal)
    => Eigo wo hanaSHIMASU (formal)

 

toru (to take, to grab) => torIMASU

Example:

  • I take a picture sometimes
    => tokidoki shashin wo toru (informal)
    => tokidoki shashin wo torIMASU (formal)

 

How to make MASU form (for irregular verbs)

suru (to do) => shimasu

Examples:

  • to study
    => benkyo suru (informal)
    => benkyo shimasu (formal)
  • to play tennis
    => tenisu wo suru (informal)
    => tenisu wo shimasu (formal)
  • to cook
    => ryouri wo suru (informal)
    => ryouri wo shimasu (formal)
  • I like cooking
    => ryouri wo suru no ga suki desu
    *the “masu formed” verbs can only be placed at the end of the sentence, if it’s in the middle, use the dictionary/informal terms, eg. suru

 

*Japanese “R” sound is somewhere between “D”, “R” and “L”

 

kuru (to come) => kimasu

Example

  • I’ll come tomorrow
    => ashita kuru (informal)
    => ashita kimasu (formal)

 

New vocabularies learned from this lesson:

  • everyday => mainichi
  • every night => maiban
  • o’clock => ji (suffix)
  • time marker => ni (particle)
  • sometimes => tokidoki (onomatopoeia => heartbeat)
  • food, cuisine => ryouri

 

LESSON 10: Particles

wa (は) – topic marker

  • Example: My dog is small
    => watashi no inu wa chiisai desu

 

ga (か) – subject marker

  • putting emphasis on the word before ga
  • Example: I’m Misa
    => watashi ga Misa desu
    (I am the one) who is Misa

 

wo (を) – object marker

  • Example: I read a book
    => hon wo yomimasu

 

ni (に) – time marker

  • Examples: I wake up at 7
    => shichi ji ni okimasu
  • also used for days

***

Days in Japanese (with suffix yobi)

yobi – suffix added to days

Examples:

  • Monday => getsuyobi
  • Tuesday => kayobi
  • Wednesday => suiyobi
  • Thursday => mokuyobi
  • Friday => kinyobi
  • Saturday => doyobi
  • Sunday => nichiyobi

***

  • Example: on Monday
    => getsuyobi ni

***

 

Another Examples:

  • I study Japanese on weekends
    => shumatsu ni nohongo wo benkyo shimasu

VS
shumatsu wa nihongo wo benkyo shimasu
(on weekends, I study Japanese / as for weekends, I study Japanese)

  • On January
    =>ichigatsu ni

***

  • NI could also used for to (direction)

***

kan – a suffix added to place where we watch or see something

  • Example: cinema => eigakan

***

Examples:

  • I’ll go to the cinema
    => eigakan ni ikimasu
  • On Monday, I’ll go to the cinema
    => getsuyobi ni eigakan ni ikimasu

  • The cats come to the house everyday
    => neku wa mainichi uchi ni kimasu

***

kaeru – to go home, return

  • an exception
  • masu form:kaerimasu
  • Example: I’ll go home
    => uchi ni kaerimasu

  • Another example: This year, I’ll go back to Japan
    => kotoshi nihon ni kaerimasu

***

 

de (で) – used to indicate the place at which an action or event takes place

  • in or at <location>

Examples:

  • In a cinema
    => Eigakan de
  • I’ll see a movie in a cinema
    => Eigakan de iega wo mimasu

***

For Japanese restaurant, it’s ok to use nihon no resutoran but it can also mean like, restaurants in Japan. Instead, we use nihon riyouri (Japanese food/cuisine) or washoku (Japanese food) which is more common.

Japanese restaurant

=> nihon riyouri no resutoran

=> washoku resutoran

***

Other examples:

  • I’ll eat dinner at a Japanese restaurant
    => nihon riyouri no resutoran de bangohan wo tabemasu
  • I’ll buy a bento in a convenience store
    => konbini de obento wo kaimasu

  • I’ll watch TV at home
    => uchi de terebi wo mimasu

 

***

  • de particle could also be used as by using (something)

Examples:

  • I draw a picture with a pen (by using a pen)
    => pen de e wo kakimasu
  • I eat sushi with chopsticks (by using chopsticks)
    => hashi de sushi wa tabemasu
  • I talk on skype (by using skype)
    => Sukaipu de hanashimasu
  • I take pictures with this camera
    => kono kamera de shahin wo torimasu

 

to (と) – accompaniment

  • used with somebody or someone

Example:

  • I’ll handout with my friends on Sunday
    => nichiyobi ni tomodachi to asobimasu

 

The difference between ni () and de ()

Examples:

  • To sleep in the bed
    => beddo ni neru
  • To sleep in a bed
    => beddo de neru

 

New vocabularies learned from this lesson:

  • small => chiisai
  • suffix added for days => yobi
  • Monday => getsuyobi
  • Tuesday => kayobi
  • Wednesday => suiyobi
  • Thursday => mokuyobi
  • Friday => kinyobi
  • Saturday => doyobi
  • Sunday => nichiyobi
  • weekends => shumatsu
  • a suffix added to place where we watch or see something => kan
  • cinema => eiga-kan
  • art museum => bijutsu-kan
  • library => tosho-kan
  • house, home => ie
  • to go home, return => kaeru
  • this year => kotoshi
  • Japanese food => washoku
  • convenience store => konbini
  • chopsticks => hashi
  • bridge => hashi (different intonation with chopsticks => hashi)
  • skype = > sukaipu
  • friend => tomodachi
  • to play, handout => asobu
  • particle for used to indicate the place at which an action or event takes place => de
  • particle for accompaniment => to
  • grandma => obaachan

I’ve heard that there are a lot of other uses for each particles which I hope Misa-sensei will be tackling more in the future lessons. So for this week, I have two lessons to study and to get familiarize with until the next lessons. I can’t wait to learn more!

For the previous lessons, you can refer to my previous updates for lessons 1-8. If you want to study Japanese language as well, I am highly recommending Misa-sensei’s youtube tutorial for Japanese Grammar Lessons for Absolute Beginners. Jaa mata ne!

Japanese Self-Studying Updates (Lessons 9-10) | Blushing Geek

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I am just a simple girl who loves to combine my two favorite things in the world – books and travel. I enjoy discovering new places, either real or fantasy, and share them through my blog. Other than that, I’m a Filipina, photo junkie, Otaku, 100% geek, a lover of all things cute, movie/tv buff, in my 20s and a proud book hoarder.

    • I really need to start to learn another language… other than the dirty words. 😉 This is one language I would love to master. I’ll have to check out that youtube channel.

      • Hehe, I graduated learning dirty words 🙂
        Yay. I hope you’ll enjoy the lesson Melissa 🙂

    • It’s so cool that you’re doing this 😀

      • Yeah, I really hope I could learn the language 🙂

    • Sounds like you are having a good time learning this.

    • Oh wow, this is really cool! I saved the video playlist to look through later. I may give this a try.

      • Yay. I’m happy to hear that Christy 🙂

    • This is awesome! I’ve always wanted to learn a language – preferably something like Hindi or Arabic, with a different alphabet. I’m glad learning Japanese is going well for you! <3333

      Have a great week, Vanessa. =)

      Alyssa @ The Eater of Books!

      • Ohh, that would be great Alyssa. I hope you’ll learn either or both of them in the future 🙂

        Yes, I hope I’ll keep it up until the last lesson hehe.

    • I am glad you are enjoying the lessons. Great move.

    • Great work! Keep at it. I wanted to learn Japanese a long time ago, but I really don’t have the time.

      • Time is absolutely the hindrance nowadays and so is money. But I hope soon you can find time and learn Japanese as well Aleen 🙂